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Skin cancer

Causes and treatment

Skin cancer is a major health problem. Its incidence increases annually, affecting people of all ages and increasing in a special way in young adults. If we add all skin cancers, their number is higher than all other human cancers combined. This explains the interest in campaigns for prevention, diagnosis and early treatment.

50% of those over 65 will suffer some type of skin cancer. 25% will suffer 2 or more malignant skin tumors.

However, skin tumors are very diverse and not all have the same severity.

Skin cancer types

Cutaneous cancer can be divided into 4 different groups: carcinoma, melanoma, cutaneous lymphoma and other tumors.

Fortunately, most cutaneous cancers cure satisfactorily today. The severity of the tumors depends on the type of cancer, its early treatment and its location. Among all of them, the one that causes the highest mortality in our population is melanoma, a tumor derived from melanocytic stem cells. This tumor is very aggressive and is capable of causing the death of the patient if it is not removed in time to spread to other internal organs.

Basocelular carcinoma
Basocelular carcinoma
Basocelular carcinoma.

Comments: Ulcerated skin lesion that does not heal localized in the area of the right ear in an 80-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Basocelular carcinoma.

Basocelular carcinoma
Basocelular carcinoma

Comments: Ulcerated skin lesion that does not heal localized in the area of the right ear in an 80-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Basocelular carcinoma.

Basocelular carcinoma
Basocelular carcinoma.

Comments: Skin lesion that has grown in recent months and occasionally bleeds on the temple in a 71-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Basocelular carcinoma.

Basocelular carcinoma
Basocelular carcinoma.

Comments: Cicatricial skin lesion with discrete bleeding on one occasion in the forehead area above the left eyebrow in a 63-year-old patient.

Diagnóstico: Basocelular carcinoma.

Squamous carcinoma
Squamous carcinoma
Squamous carcinomes

Comments: Pink skin lesions with crust on its surface located on the right thigh in a 63-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Squamous carcinomes.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Pigmented lesion that has grown in the last months in the leg of a 55 year old patient.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Pigmented lesion that has grown in recent months on the back of a young patient.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Pigmented lesion detected early by digital follow-up in a young patient with a large number of pigmented lesions (moles).

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Pigmented lesion that has grown in recent months in the leg of a 67-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: A 72-year-old patient who consulted for aesthetic reasons due to a pigmented lesion on the right cheek.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Asymptomatic pink lesion that has grown in the last months in the heel of a 34-year-old patient. The lesion is detected in a digital follow-up.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Melanoma in situ
Melanoma in situ

Comments: Pigmented lesion that has grown in the last months in the sole of the foot.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in situ.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Discreetly palpable 18-mm pigmented lesion that has grown in the last months on the back of a 43-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Pigmented lesion that has grown in the last months in the chest of a 50-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Pigmented lesion on the arm of a 38-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Pigmented tumor lesion that has grown in recent months and occasionally bleeds on the back of a 55-year-old patient.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Irregular pigmented lesion that has grown in the trunk of a 31-year-old patient in recent years.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Invasive melanoma
Invasive melanoma

Comments: Pigmented lesion confused with a hematoma by the patient on the sole of the foot.

Diagnosis: Invasive melanoma.

Melanoma in the nail
Melanoma in the nail
Melanoma in the nail

Comentario: Stain on the nail of the second finger of the right hand appeared about 3 years ago and in slow growth.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in the nail.

Melanoma in the nail
Melanoma in the nail

Comments: Stain on the nail of the third finger of the left hand appeared a year ago and in slow growth.

Diagnosis: Melanoma in the nail.

Maligant melanoma

This skin cancer can develop from a mole (melanocytic nevus) present from birth (congenital) or acquired (developed after birth). Also can develop from a skin area without a mole as a growing spot that later becomes a tumor . The incidence of melanoma worldwide has grown alarmingly. It is estimated that up to 1 in 50-70 Spaniards developed a melanoma throughout their lives in 2010

.

Melanoma is a cancer that usually does not hurt or have symptoms of alarm until it has already developed and spread to the lymph nodes or other organs through the bloodstream. Usually the patient does not think that it can be so dangerous or is not able to detect its appearance in early phases. When a melanoma has become a palpable skin tumor or has a bleeding episode it may be too late. For this reason, its early diagnosis and correct removal when it is located on the skin is essential.

What does melanoma look like?

Melanoma can be localized in any part of the body, although it is more common in the trunk in men, in the lower extremities in women and in the face in the elderly . Melanoma can also develop in other areas such as the palms and soles of the feet and on the nails or in less frequent locations such as the scalp, the genital area or even organs such as the eyeball.

Usually begins as a mole that changes color or size or as a new spot that grows with a usually dark color (brown or black) but sometimes are pink or red. We should not wait for this spot to present symptoms such as itching, pain or bleeding to consult our specialist since this may allow melanoma to develop in advanced stages.



centro dermatológico

cáncer de piel

melanoma

Susana Puig Sarda

Josep Malvehy

diagnosis dermatológica

dermascopia digita

cáncer cutáneo

The information provided on the website does not replace but complements the relationship between the health professional and your patient or visitor and in case of doubt should be consult with your reference health professional.

How to get there by public transport
If you use public transport, you have the following means of transport:

Bus

Line 6 (Sarriá Avenue/Mestre Vila) Line 7 (Diagonal Avenue/Doctor Fleming) Line 33 (Diagonal Avenue/Doctor Fleming) Line 34 (Sarriá Avenue/Mestre Vila) Line 66 (Sarriá Avenue/Mestre Vila) Line 63 (Diagonal Avenue/Doctor Fleming) Line 67 (Diagonal Avenue/Doctor Fleming) Line 78 (Diagonal Avenue/Doctor Fleming) Line 70 (General Mitre/Doctor Fleming) Line H6 (General Mitre/Doctor Fleming) Line N0 (Doctor Fleming/Sarriá Avenue) Line N7 (General Mitre/Sarriá Avenue)

Metro

L5 (dark blue line), Hospital Clínic station, distant L3 (green line), Palau Reial station, distant

Train

TRAM Ferrocarrils L1 L2 L3, L'Illa Diagonal station. FCC Ferrocarrils ES S5 S6 S7 L5 L6, La Bonanova station.
How to get there by private transport
If you use private transport you can choose one of the following accesses:

By car or motorbike

Through Diagonal Avenue and Doctor Fleming street Through Sarria Avenue and Passatge of Ricard Zamora street Through the Ronda de General Mitre and Ricardo Villa street
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