LASER (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). In dermatology it is a tool for the treatment of certain diseases.
It is a light source in which the radiant energy is photons and waves with the capacity to produce certain biological effects. There are several types of laser for application in dermatology and each one with a specific indication.
It can be used for the treatment of pigmented lesions (spots), vascular lesions, dermatological surgery, hair removal, photoaging.
Liquid cryosclerosis is a treatment aimed at the gradual elimination of microvaricose veins and small capillaries in the lower extremities.
Technique for the treatment of skin lesions that offers excellent results.
A procedure that uses heat from an electrical current to destroy abnormal tissue, such as from a tumor or other lesion. It may also be used to control bleeding during surgery or after an injury.
The electrical current passes through an electrode that is placed on or around the tissue. The tip of the electrode is heated by electrical current to burn or destroy tissue. Electrocoagulation is a type of electrosurgery. Also called electrocautery, electrofulguration, and fulguration.
Dermatology is the medical specialty responsible for the study of the structure and function of the skin, as well as the diseases that affect it, their diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
Pediatric dermatology offers specialized care for infants and children within a range of childhood dermatological conditions.
Cryotherapy achieves a series of chemical reactions within our body that promote cellular nutrition, as well as an increase and improvement in blood circulation.
This treatment modality works by applying low temperature (cryo = cold) to the surface of the skin or mucous membranes in a way that will cause a superficial and controlled burn to destroy tissue that your specialist needs to destroy.
It is, for example, commonly used in viral warts.
Photodynamic therapy is a therapeutic procedure used in medicine, mainly in dermatology, for the treatment of various skin diseases, especially skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma), also in Bowen’s disease, acne, rosacea. , lichen and for aesthetic photorejuvenation treatments.
Using light, it is possible to eliminate certain cells with dysplasia (cells with a certain degree of atypia or malignancy) that manifest themselves in the form of solar keratosis or areas damaged by the sun.
The patient usually first places a cream on the area to be treated (for example: face or head) and after a few minutes it is exposed to the light of the treatment lamp.
It is a very useful technique to treat large areas and eliminate sun damage and other forms of skin malignancy.
It is a bluish or brownish pigmentation of the skin and predominates on the face, although we can find it in other areas of the face and even on the forearms.
It tends to be itchy in some cases. These patches usually develop gradually. There are no other symptoms other than aesthetic ones.
Systemic Photoprotection is that which goes beyond the skin and acts at a general level inside our body. This is a group of immunophotoprotectors that are administered orally. The main advantage is that since they are systemic, their protection is global and they act on the entire skin surface.
Systemic or oral photoprotectors are immunophotoprotective substances administered orally (capsules, tablets, solution), mostly antioxidants, which are responsible for eliminating free radicals that are generated in our skin due to many factors, including solar radiation.
One of the fundamental aspects that must be highlighted is that since they are systemic, their protection is global, that is, they act on all of our skin. Among these we find:
Beta-carotenes: they are usually administered for sun intolerance or as a preventative in people with white skin.
Commercially, they can lead to confusion since many people think that they are used to get tan or acquire color before sun exposure.
In reality, they prepare the body for sun exposure and there will be an increase in pigments to reduce the rapid appearance of erythema, although it must be taken into account that these are not preventative of skin cancer.
– Vitamins C and E
– Green tea polyphenols
– Polypodium leucotomos
The most used is ascorbic acid or vitamin C, which also stimulates collagen synthesis, making the repair of damaged tissue even faster.
Vitamin E or alpha-tocopherol also protects against UVB and is usually combined with vitamin C for greater effectiveness. As other substances, we have carotenoids (lutein is an example), flavonoids (used from silymarin and red clover), Omega-3 (fatty acids such as linoleic and linolenic acids provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects as well as photoprotective) and Green tea polyphenols (reduce erythema and inflammation when there is sunburn).
Skin type studies are considered essential in dermatology since each person requires personalized treatment depending on their skin characteristics.
Each person’s skin type is genetically determined, and knowing each individual’s skin type is necessary to choose the appropriate treatment for each skin type, and thus improve its appearance and delay the aging process.
From the clinical study of each patient, information is obtained about the level of hydration, elasticity, thickness and sebum secretion of their skin.
The classification of skin includes four basic types: dry skin, which presents a greater loss of water and is more unprotected against possible risks; oily skin, in which sebum secretion is very high; sensitive skin, which reacts to many stimuli that do not cause a reaction in normal skin; and normal skin, characterized by an ideal balance between water and sebum levels.